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Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

In our contemporary culture, the prospect of communicating with -- or even looking at -- a stranger is virtually unbearable. Everyone around us seems to agree by the way they fiddle with their phones, even without a 1 underground.

It's a sad reality -- our desire to avoid interacting with other human beings -- because there's 2 to be gained from talking to the stranger standing by you. But you wouldn't know it, 3 into your phone. This universal armor sends the 4 : "Please don't approach me."

What is it that makes us feel we need to hide 5 our screens?

One answer is fear, according to Jon Wortmann, executive mental coach. We fear rejection, or that our innocent social advances will be 6 as "creepy,". We fear we'll be 7 . We fear we'll be disruptive. Strangers are inherently 8 to us, so we are more likely to feel 9 when communicating with them compared with our friends and acquaintances. To avoid this anxiety, we 10 to our phones. "Phones become our security blanket," Wortmann says. "They are our happy glasses that protect us from what we perceive is going to be more 11 .”

But once we rip off the bandaid, tuck our smartphones in our pockets and look up, it doesn't 12 so bad. In one 2011 experiment, behavioral scientists Nicholas Epley and Juliana Schroeder asked commuters to do the unthinkable: Start a 13 . They had Chicago train commuters talk to their fellow 14 . "When Dr. Epley and Ms. Schroeder asked other people in the same train station to 15 how they would feel after talking to a stranger, the commuters thought their 16 would be more pleasant if they sat on their own," the New York Times summarizes. Though the participants didn't expect a positive experience, after they 17 with the experiment, "not a single person reported having been snubbed."

18 , these commutes were reportedly more enjoyable compared with those sans communication, which makes absolute sense, 19 human beings thrive off of social connections. It's that 20 : Talking to strangers can make you feel connected.

1. [A] ticket [B] permit [C] signal [D] record

答案[C] signal



2. [A] nothing [B] link [C] another [D] much

答案[D] much



3. [A] beaten [B] guided [C] plugged [D] brought

答案[C] plugged



4. [A] message [B] cede [C] notice [D] sign

答案[A] message



5. [A] under [B] beyond [C] behind [D] from

答案[C] behind

解析】该所要表达的意思是:藏在我们屏幕的_______位置。A.下面;B.之外; C.后面;D. 来自;四个选项分别带入原句,只有behind符合句意。


6. [A] misinterpret [B] misapplied [C] misadjusted [D] mismatched

答案[D] misinterpreted



7. [A] fired [B] judged [C] replaced [D] delayed

答案[D] delayed

解析】空格所在句与前后句同为we fear…的并列句,故句意应前后保持一致。前一句说“我们害怕被拒绝,被误解”,后一句说“我们害怕被打扰”,A选项带入语义不通,BC选项不符合该文语境,D选项带入文中“我们害怕被耽搁时间”,符合上下文语义,故答案为D


8. [A] unreasonable [B] ungrateful [C] unconventional [D] unfamiliar

答案[D] unfamiliar



9. [A] comfortable [B] anxious [C] confident [D] angry

【答案】[C] anxious



10. [A] attend [B] point [C] take [D] turn

答案[D] turn (to)

解析】空格要求填入一个动词,首先需与介词to构成搭配,其次需满足 “为了避免这种不自在,我们____我们的手机。”的语义,D选项turn to表示转向求助于某物某事,符合上下文语义,故答案为D


11. [A] dangerous [B] mysterious [C] violent [D] boring

答案[A] dangerous

解析根据此处结构protect us from what we perceive is going to be more _______(保护我们以防我们观察的东西更加_______),可推断空处填入词汇为负向感情色彩,A选项dangerous(危险的)意思吻合,且和前文uneasiness(不安);security(安全)形成呼应;B选项mysterious(神秘的)与主题关联不大,且为中性词;C选项violent(暴力的)意思比较极端,且不合题意;D选项boring(无聊的)同样不吻合该段主题。故答案为A选项dangerous


12. [A] hurt [B] resist [C] bend [D] decay

答案[A] hurt

解析】该句意思为:当我们撕掉创可贴,把智能手机揣到口袋里,并且抬头行走,并没有_______那么糟糕。A选项hurt(伤害)、B选项resist(抵抗)、C选项bend(弯曲)、D选项decay(衰退),其中hurt符合题意,it doesn’t hurt so bad(没那么令人难受)。因此答案为A选项hurt


13. [A] lecture [B] conversation [C] debate [D] negotiation

答案[B] conversation

解析】由上文推断此处为研究者进行的一项实验内容,根据该句后面一句中talk to可知,实验是让研究对象进行交谈,可锁定B选项conversation(对话),与talk to对应。A选项lecture(讲座)、C选项debate(讨论)、D选项negotiation(谈判)均不吻合题意,故答案为B选项conversation


14. [A] trainees [B] employees [C] researchers [D] passengers

答案[D] passengers



15. [A] reveal [B] choose [C] predict [D] design

答案[C] predict



16. [A] voyage [B] flight [C] walk [D] ride

答案[B] ride

解析】此处需要填入一个与commuters“上下班往返的人”相关的词。因此排除A选项voyage“旅途”和D选项flight“航班”。上文提到了“the same train station”, 因此排除C选项walk“步行”,选项B为正确答案。


17. [A] went through [B] did away [C] caught up [D] put up

答案[A] went through

解析】此处考察固定词组。 A选项go through with意为“完成”,B选项“do away with”意为“废除,消灭”,C选项“catch up with”意为“跟上,赶上”,D选项put up with 意为“忍受”,因此符合文意,能够和实验搭配的只能是选项A


18. [A] In turn [B] In particular [C] In fact [D] In consequence

答案[B] In fact

解析】此处需要填入一个固定词组,起到承接上下文的作用。上文提到那些放下手机,积极与乘客交流的人并没有受到冷落。空格后指出,与那些没有对话的人相比,这些人更加的开心。可见上下文之间是并列或递进的关系。A 选项In turn意为“轮流,以此”,不符合上下文关系,C选项In particular“尤其是,特别是”常常用来表示举例的逻辑关系,因此排除。D选项In consequence“结果”,表示因果的逻辑关系,因此排除。所以正确答案为B选项in fact“事实上”。


19. [A] unless [B] since [C] if [D] whereas

答案[B] since



20. [A] funny [B] simple [C] logical [D] rare

答案[C] simple

解析】此处需要填入一个可以形容冒号后句子的形容词。与陌生人交谈让你觉得不孤单。显然这一事实,绝非funny“滑稽的”, logical “有条理的”,也非rare“稀有的”。 C选项“简单的”符合文意,是正确答案。

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